Makenow | 10 FEB 2022

The range of operations of cyber security involves protecting information and systems from major cyber threats. These threats take many forms. As a result, keeping pace with cyber security strategy and operations can be a challenge, particularly in government and enterprise networks where, in their most innovative form, cyber threats often take aim at secret, political and military assets of a nation, or its people. Some of the common threats are : Cyber terrorism - It is the innovative use of information technology by terrorist groups to further their political agenda. It took the form of attack on networks, computer systems and telecommunication infrastructures. Cyber warfare It involves nation-states using information technology to go through something another nation’s networks to cause damage. In the U.S. and man other people live in a society, cyber warfare has been acknowledged as the fifth domain of warfare. Cyber warfare attacks are primarily executed by hackers who are well-trained in use of benefit the quality of details computer networks, and operate under the favourable and support of nation-states. Rather than closing a target’s key networks, a cyber-warfare attack may forced to put into a situation into networks to compromise valuable data, degrade communications, impair such infrastructural services as transportation and medical services, or interrupt commerce. Cyber Espionage It is the practice of using information technology to obtain secret information without permission from its owners or holders. It is the most often used to gain strategic, economic, military advantage, and is conducted using cracking techniques and malware.
Cybersecurity is designed to provide multiple layers of protection across all of the computers, networks, and programs used by a business. In order to create a unified defence against potential cyberattacks, it is important that the business, employees, processes, and technology are designed to work seamlessly together. Cybersecurity systems that function properly will be able to detect, investigate, and resolve potential weaknesses and vulnerabilities in the system before they can be exploited by a hacker or malicious software.

The different types of cybersecurity include:
Application Security
Application security is the implementation of various defences within business software and services to protect against a range of different threats. This type of cybersecurity requires the design of secure applications to minimize unauthorized access and modification.
Data Security
Data security involves implementing strong data storage systems that are specifically designed to secure information while it is being stored and while it is in transit.
Network Security
Network security focuses on protecting a business from both external and internal threats by implementing hardware and software systems that are specifically designed to protect a business’ network and infrastructure from misuse, disruptions, and unauthorized access.
Mobile Security
Businesses that use mobile devices, such as cell phones, laptops, and tablets, should use mobile security measures to protect the information that is being stored on those devices from a range of different threats.
Cloud Security
Most cloud applications and system—AWS, Google, Microsoft, etc. use cloud security measures to protect users against various threats.