When the interest in learning programming arises, one of the first questions is which programming language to learn and, in addition, what is the difference between the different languages. The objective of this text is to show a little the characteristics of the existing programming languages.
When reading about programming, we often come across phrases like “Python is a high-level language” or “The C language is lower-level”, but what does that mean? When we refer to the level of a language, we mean how close it is to the machine (computer) where it runs. That is, which language commands are closest directly to the commands that the computer understands. In a low-level language, the commands given by the programmer are more specific and more primitive, while in a high-level language, they are broader and many things are done automatically by the language.
At the low level, the programmer may need to break an operation to be performed into smaller steps and in greater detail, while at the high level, languages have commands that allow implementing algorithms in a few steps.
As said, at the low level it is closer to the computer and the operations are more specific. The programmer is able to optimize the algorithms in their smallest details, which makes them good for creating software that demands high computational power.
When you want to implement software quickly, prioritizing ease of programming, languages like Python are great, as it takes care of the optimizations and allows you to focus on the task at hand.
For game development, it is very common to use the C++ and C# languages, very efficient and used in game engines. In the field of embedded systems and software closer to hardware, C/C++ are the most used.
In the area of data science, the most common are Python and R, as they have a huge ecosystem of libraries for the area and a very engaged community.
With this brief description of some features of programming languages, we hope you are more familiar with the terms used when talking about them! And remember: always keep practicing!
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